Thursday, November 8, 2012

Cleantech News from CleanTechnica

Cleantech News from CleanTechnica

Link to CleanTechnica

SEIA Congratulates Obama On Re-Election, Praises Administration’s Energy Policy

Posted: 07 Nov 2012 05:21 PM PST

 
Via the Solar Energy Industries Association (via email):

WASHINGTON, DC — The Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) today released the following statement from president and CEO Rhone Resch in reaction to President Barack Obama's re-election for a second term:

"SEIA congratulates President Barack Obama on his re-election. President Obama has been a tremendous supporter of solar energy and we look forward to continuing to work with the Obama Administration over the next four years.

"To date, the Obama Administration has created and supported pro-solar policies that have been vital to the success of the industry. Solar installations and jobs have risen dramatically throughout the U.S, while costs have fallen. Today, the solar industry employs more than 119,000 Americans at 5,600 companies, mostly small businesses, across all 50 states – this is more than double the number of Americans working in solar in 2009.

"Since President Obama took office, the amount of solar powering homes, businesses, and military bases has grown by 400 percent – from 1,100 megawatts in 2008 to more than 5,700 megawatts today. The Administration enacted a policy allowing solar installations for the first time on public lands and set a goal to permit 10 gigawatts of additional renewable energy projects on public lands by the end of 2012, which has been a great driver of this growth. The U.S. now has enough installed solar capacity to power nearly a million households, and 2012 will be another year of record growth for our industry.

"Policy certainty is crucial to continue the growing role of solar in America's energy mix.  Stable policy frameworks at the federal and state level, including maintaining and expanding commitments to renewable energy initiatives, spur and leverage private sector investments in the solar industry to meet our nation's future energy needs.

"As we recover from the recession, America needs plentiful and diverse energy resources, including solar, to power our economy. Solar is clean, reliable, and more affordable than ever. Since the beginning of 2011, the average cost of solar panels has dropped more than 50 percent and the cost of a solar electric system has dropped by more than a third, thanks to innovation, entrepreneurship, and strong federal and state policies leveraging private investment.

"More than nine out of 10 voters want the U.S. to develop and use more solar power, and the president understands the importance of solar to the American people. The solar industry looks forward to continuing our productive working relationship with the Obama Administration, the incoming 113th Congress, and state legislatures throughout the country to create smart policies that help power our homes and businesses with domestic energy and create jobs across America."


 


Additional 
Resources:
-Report: U.S. Solar Market Spikes in Q2 2012, More than Doubling Q2 2011 Market Size (Sept. 10, 2012)
http://www.seia.org/news/report-us-solar-market-spikes-q2-2012-more-doubling-q2-2011-market-size?utm_source=informz&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=email
- America Votes Solar – National Solar Survey 2012 (Oct. 2, 2012)
http://www.seia.org/research-resources/america-votes-solar-national-solar-survey-2012?utm_source=informz&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=email
- SEIA’s Major Solar Proj
ects List
http://www.seia.org/user/login?destination=member-benefits/major-solar-projects-list

About SEIA:
Established in 1974, the Solar Energy Industries Association® is the national trade association of the U.S. solar energy industry. Through advocacy and education, SEIA® is building a strong solar industry to power America. As the voice of the industry, SEIA works with its 1,100 member companies to make solar a mainstream and significant energy source by expanding markets, removing market barriers strengthening the industry and educating the public on the benefits of solar energy. Visit SEIA online at
www.seia.org.


Enviro Champions Win On Clean Energy, Protecting Environment & Public Health

Posted: 07 Nov 2012 04:59 PM PST

 
Via the NRDC Action Fund, good news regarding the 2012 U.S. election:

WASHINGTON – On Wednesday, November 7th leading environmental groups stood together at the National Press Club to highlight the numerous environmental champions who were elected to Congress because they strongly support investing in clean energy and protecting the environment and public health safeguards. The groups also released election polling which shows Americans strongly support candidates who will work to move the country forward on energy and climate policies while creating jobs and reducing pollution. The outcome of the election and the polling results show voters didn't buy the millions of dollars worth of ads from dirty polluters.

"This election was supposed to be about wealthy Big Oil-backed special interests spending unprecedented resources to wipe pro-environment candidates off the map. But voters chose a different course – re-electing President Obama and sending environmental champions to Congress to confront the climate crisis and keep our nation moving forward towards a clean energy future," said Gene Karpinski, League of Conservation Voters President.

The new poll by the Greenberg Quinlan Rosner Research was conducted nationally November 4th-6th and surveyed 1002 voters in 11 battleground states. Among the topline findings of the poll are:

  • The fossil fuel industry and its allies in Congress spent millions of dollars attacking the President on the Keystone pipeline, Solyndra, and as being anti-coal. The attacks did not work–across all of the battleground states in this survey, the president won 51 – 47 percent;
  • The message on energy from the fossil fuel industry and its allies in Congress did not work. It was cited by just 14 percent of voters as the best reason to vote against President Obama. And it ranked last among people who voted for Romney and last in the Midwest—where it was heavily focused against the President;
  • President Obama and Democrats retain more credibility on energy than Republicans. Voters believe Obama will do a better job on energy than Romney by a 7 point margin, 51-44 percent. And they think Democrats will do a better job on this issue than Republicans by a 50 – 43 percent margin;
  • Overwhelming Support for Renewable Energy: Nearly 2 in 3 voters, 64 percent, say they have a favorable impression of renewable energy, compared to only 13 percent who say they have an unfavorable impression. This strength of support crosses demographic and partisan lines, with a wide variety of voters giving renewables high marks. Voters also favor increasing wind power by a 71 – 9 percent margin, and favor increasing solar power by a 78 – 5 percent margin;
  • Voters are ready for the country to invest in renewable even if they have to pay more: By a 54 – 39 percent margin, voters side with an argument that favors investing in clean energy companies through tax credits over an argument that suggests the government should not be picking winners and losers in energy. By a 56 – 39 percent margin they also say they are willing to pay a few dollars extra on their electricity bills for renewable energy; and
  • Voters give the EPA an impressive 50 – 27 percent favorable/unfavorable rating, including a 44 – 30 percent rating with Independents.

The poll memo can be found here: Battleground Polling Memo




 
"Polluters spent hundreds of millions of dollars and have nothing to show for it today," said Heather Taylor-Miesle, NRDC Action Fund Director. "Our polling very clearly shows that voters didn't buy what the polluters were selling. This is a decided issue. The public stands with us from clean energy to addressing climate change. This election and our polling indicate a mandate from the American people on the environment and public health. Now is the time act."

The 2012 election cycle also saw unprecedented spending from dirty energy groups. According to the Center for American Progress Action Fund:

  • Outside polluter-backed groups and those who promoted a dirty energy agenda spent over $270 million on television ads in the last two months of the 2012 election cycle, including over $31 million spent on energy-related ads;
  • This includes over $109 million spent in congressional races with $21.7 million on energy-specific ads;
  • Polluter-linked groups and their allies spent over $60 million in Senate races since September; and
  • These same groups spent approximately $49.7 million in House races, with $12.9 million spent on energy-related ads.

“We did it. Despite the hundreds of millions of dollars the fossil fuel industry dumped into this election to elect Mitt Romney, we proved that corporations are, in fact, not people.  Sierra Club and our 1.4 million members and supporters congratulate President Obama on his hard-fought victory, and we look forward to working with him to build on the historic progress our nation has already achieved as a global clean energy leader.” — Michael Brune, Sierra Club Executive Director.

"The environment won and polluting industries lost; there is no clearer way to state it," said Jamie Rappaport Clark, President of the Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund. "When faced with a choice between a clean energy future where our air, water, lands and wildlife are protected and more of the same dirty energy policies, not even the millions spent by polluting industries could sway Americans to their side. But the biggest winners last night are the generations yet to come as Americans overwhelmingly chose to leave them a cleaner, better world in which to live."

Jeremy Symons, Senior Advisor to National Wildlife Federation Action Fund added, "These elections have opened a window of opportunity to realign environmental politics and revive bipartisan cooperation to tackle the conservation issues facing America.  As GOP leaders look for ways to broaden their appeal, we invite them to return to the party's Teddy Roosevelt roots and offer a vision of Republican environmental leadership that connects with the strong conservation values of voters.

“This is the second presidential election in a row where the public has rejected Big Oil’s dirty energy agenda.  America is starting to understand that Sandy’s October Surprise will increasingly become less of a surprise, and that it’s time to slash global warming pollution and repower America with clean energy,” said Margie Alt, Executive Director, Environment America.


Alt-Fuel & Hybrid Vehicle Sales Soar In October

Posted: 07 Nov 2012 04:44 PM PST

 
We just reported on the good October numbers for the Chevy Volt and Nissan Leaf yesterday, but they weren’t the only green (or greenish) cars that fared well last month.

Chris DeMorro of Gas2 writes:

“Is 2012 the year that alternative fuel vehicles finally come into their own? It's starting to look like that after a particularly strong October saw alt-fuel and hybrid car sales set a sales record for the third consecutive month. All told, more than 46,000 alt-fuel vehicles were sold in the U.S. in October, putting sales on track to break 500,000 alt-fuel sales for the year.”

Toyota led with 24,000 units sold (over half of alt-fuel/hybrid sales). Of course, the Prius family carried the load, with 16,774 sales (including 1,900 Prius Plug-In sales).

For the full story, check out: Sales Of Alt-Fuel/Hybrid Vehicles Soar In U.S.


Honda Civic Diesel Achieves 65 MPG

Posted: 07 Nov 2012 11:19 AM PST

 
A new diesel Honda Civic has achieved the US equivalent of 65 MPG fuel efficiency, which is comparable to that of hybrid electric vehicles.

It goes on sale in January 2013, but only in Europe. It is equipped with the i-DTEC Earth Dreams diesel engine.

Honda Civic Diesel

It has a 1.6 litre, 118 HP engine. Despite being only 118 HP, it provides one of the key benefits of diesel engines, which is 221 ft-lbs of torque. It produces about the same amount of horsepower as most Civics, Corollas, and economy cars.

This is a front-wheel-drive vehicle that offers a manual six-speed transmission.

In the United Kingdom, it will cost £19,400, which is approximately $31,000 USD.

As I said in the beginning, diesel-powered vehicles can achieve efficiency comparable to that of gasoline-fueled hybrid electrics, but they have a higher initial cost. The Honda Insight Hybrid starts at $18,500 — although, it is not as efficient; it achieves 41 MPG in cities, and 44 MPG on highways.
 

 
You may wonder why it is not available in the US. Possible causes of this include:

  • Higher taxes on diesel than on gasoline in the US. Diesel is used to fuel tractor trailers, which are needed to transport most goods throughout the US.
  • Diesel cars have a reputation for sluggish performance.
  • Diesel cars are expensive to buy, although their fuel efficiency and reliability benefits compensate for that. Americans often purchase lower-priced vehicles.
  • Diesel engines have a history of polluting the air more than gasoline ones, although low-sulfur diesel technology has changed this.

Source: Gas 2.0


Lincoln Renewable Energy Providing Solar Power To California

Posted: 07 Nov 2012 11:11 AM PST

 
US solar and wind developer Lincoln Renewable Energy announced Monday that it has entered into a 20-year power sales agreement with Southern California Edison (SCE) to deliver electricity sourced from two upcoming solar projects located in San Bernardino.

The two installations –  the 25-megawatt DC Marathon and the 12.5-megawatt Agincourt — will be home to more than 150,000 solar panels and produce enough electricity to power 14,000 homes annually.

“With its huge solar resources, California represents an enormous opportunity for solar power developers and customers alike,” said Declan Flanagan LRE CEO. “California customers will benefit from the low-cost, fixed-price, clean and native energy these two projects will produce for decades to come.”

“Building on the success of our New Jersey Oak Solar project earlier this year, LRE is now one of the very few large-scale solar companies with a successful track record coast-to-coast,” Flanagan added.

Lincoln Renewable Energy is also looking to get some big wind projects off the ground, if Congress gets back in the saddle in a bipartisan way and extends the wind power Production Tax Credit.

“2013 is shaping up as a busy year for LRE. In addition to $100 million of capex on our solar projects, multiple wind projects are ready to execute power contracts and enter construction if Congress extends the Production Tax Credit as soon as possible,” Flanagan said.

Source: Lincoln Renewable Energy
Image Source: liz west (some rights reserved)


1,000 MW Of New Solar Power Installed In Germany In September, 6,000 MW Installed In 2012 Already

Posted: 07 Nov 2012 05:33 AM PST

 
Germany installed nearly 1,000 MW (1 GW) of new solar power in September, bringing its total for the year up to 6,200 MW (6.22 GW). These statistics were provided by the German Federal Network Agency, The Bundesnetzagentur (or BNetzA). The solar industry there also saw solar generation growth of over 50% in the first 9 months of 2012.

“Solar's share in German electricity production rose from 4.1 percent to 6.1 percent, while wind power gained slightly to 8.6 percent from 8.0 percent and biomass accounted for almost 6 per cent,” Renew Economy notes. “Renewables combined accounted for about 26 per cent of Germany's electricity production over the first nine months on 2012.”

According to Germany Energy Blog’s reporting on Germany’s Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG), the optimum annual PV deployment in Germany is between 2.5 GW and 3.5 GW. Exceeding that range results in a decrease in feed-in tariffs for new installations by 2.5% per month.

Germany has now installed more than 30 GW of solar power since embarking on its energy transformation, Energiewende. “A recent GTM Stat of-the-Day showed that Germany installs PV on solar rooftops ten times faster than the U.S.,” Greentech Media noted when discussing the September installation news:

20121106-230621.jpg

Compared to Germany’s 6.22 GW of solar, solar installations in the U.S. now total around 3.2 GW for 2012 (and remember that the U.S. has several times more people and uses several times more electricity).

The U.S. solar industry is seeing a healthy growth rate of 71%. “But the next couple of years are hard to call,” says Shayle Kann, VP of GTM Research.

“We have a more sober assessment of 2013,” said Kann. He is projecting close to 4 GW in the coming year. But no one is certain what exactly will happen in the solar industry with the the ITC grant sunset. Still, “it’s hard to imagine a down year for 2013,” Kann notes.


Largest Solar Power Neighborhood In Southwest Built In New Orleans

Posted: 07 Nov 2012 05:30 AM PST

 
The St. Thomas Housing Project had been a somewhat rundown low-income housing project before Hurricane Katrina hit, known primarily for its high crime rate. But now, the area has become the focus of several government agencies working to revitalize it through sustainable and renewable technologies.

20121106-234925.jpg

The new housing, named River Garden Apartments, is designed as a mixed-income development covering eight blocks and around a square mile. It's currently the largest solar neighborhood located in the southeastern US, and the largest solar project in Louisiana, because of the 420 kW of photovoltaics installed on the roofs.

“Installing PV systems on multiple roofs, each with a specific configuration and mounting angle, posed a challenge for the company,” Kathleen Zipp of Solar Power World notes. “Turning to SolarEdge's power optimization system allowed using maximum roof space for optimum power harvesting, even in areas with partial shading or obstructions.”

The system allows the many different arrays to be monitored in real-time by using built-in performance data gathered at the module level. The system then automatically sends web-based alerts on underperforming modules and faults to allow adjustments to be made, increasing the efficiency.


 
The system also uses a ‘SafeDC’ mechanism to increase its safety. “Damaged arrays could potentially start arc faults and home fires,” Zipp adds. “SolarEdge guarantees a safe installation with its inverters and power optimizers. This has special importance in hurricane-prone areas where flying debris resulting from high winds can damage solar installations.”

The residents of the development will pay $0.10/kWh for electricity, leading to roughly $50 a month saved on utility bills.

"We overcame many challenging issues, specifically installing modules on multiple roofs and different angles, in a safe manner and with reduced maintenance costs," says Micah Galy of Pontchartrain Mechanical Co. "This revitalized community is now able to sustain itself with reliable energy and will be able to stabilize their energy costs for the long term in a clean and sustainable way."

Image Credit: SPW Solar Edge


Researchers Show Feasibility Of Lithium-Metal Free Anode For Lithium-Air Batteries

Posted: 07 Nov 2012 05:20 AM PST

 
Researchers from the University of Rome Sapienza (Italy), Argonne National Laboratory (United States), and Hanyang University (South Korea) have shown that the construction of lithium-air batteries without lithium metal is possible. A lithiated silicon-carbon anode can be used instead. As is the case with many new technologies, there are drawbacks to this one.

Two drawbacks are that such batteries have a lower capacity and a lower voltage than normal lithium-air batteries. However, the new battery is safer and has a greater energy density than lithium-ion batteries.

Lithium-air batteries are being sought by multiple organizations, including IBM, due to the fact that they have the potential to store a stunning 11,140 Wh/kg.

This means that a 24 kWh battery (same size as the Nissan Leaf battery) would weigh only 2.1 kg, or 4.7 pounds! A safe and affordable prototype of such a battery would certainly turn EV research upside down, because battery weight is one of the greatest issues facing EVs today. It would translate into longer driving range, higher performance, and higher efficiency.

Notably, the multiple hundreds of pounds that EV batteries usually weigh shorten vehicle range and slow them down, both very significantly. Smaller, more powerful batteries could really boost the EV revolution forward.

Source: Green Car Congress


SWITCH’s New LED Replacement For Incandescent Light Bulbs

Posted: 07 Nov 2012 05:09 AM PST

 
One of the prettiest light bulbs I’ve ever seen, maybe the prettiest:



SWITCH’s New LED Replacement to Incandescent Light Bulbs (via Green Building Elements)

I work for a lighting company in Denver as a Lighting and Design Consultant and I cannot tell you how many times in a week that people will tell me they do not want to use a more sustainable light bulb because of two reasons: The bulbs are ugly (Compact Fluorescent Light (CFL) or the 'spiral' kind…




High Nuclear Power Outages In 2012 (Driven By Global Warming–Fueled Sandy, Flooding, & Repair)

Posted: 07 Nov 2012 04:58 AM PST

 

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on data from the Form EIA-923, Power Plant Operations Report, and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory CommissionPower Reactor Status Reports
Note: Nuclear capacity in outage is estimated based on monthly generation data collected by EIA and daily availability data from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Outages at U.S. nuclear power plants so far in 2012 are generally higher than in recent years because of extended forced outages at four nuclear power plants. U.S. nuclear reactor operators typically schedule refueling and maintenance outages during the spring and fall to help ensure that reactors are available to meet higher electric demand levels in the summer and winter. The increase in outages at the end of October came as some nuclear power reactors along the East Coast shut down because of safety concerns from Hurricane Sandy.

In 2012, four nuclear power plants had a total of more than four gigawatts of capacity in extended outages:

  • Southern California Edison’s San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station (SONGS) Units 2 and 3 (2,150 MW) near San Diego, California, have both been offline since January 31, 2012, as a precaution after a steam generator tube leak led to the discovery of excessive wear in the plant’s new steam generators. The units remain offline while the problems are evaluated and repairs are conducted, which tightened electricity supply for Southern California over the summer. An upcoming Today in Energy article will examine how the local market met demand without these two large units.
  • Progress Energy Florida’s Crystal River Unit 3 (860 MW) has been offline since September 2009 to repair the reactor containment. The plant’s future is uncertain at this point, and Progress’s handling of the Crystal River repairs became an issue in the company’s recent merger with Duke Energy.
  • Omaha Public Power District’s (OPPD) Fort Calhoun reactor (478 MW) has been offline since April 9, 2011, initially due to flooding on the Missouri River. A subsequent inspection by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission identified additional issues, and OPPD is working through a checklist of repairs and changes to be addressed before restarting the plant. In August, OPPD hired Exelon, a company that operates 17 U.S. nuclear plants, to manage day-to-day operations at Fort Calhoun.
  • At the Turkey Point plant outside Miami, Florida, Unit 3 (693 MW) went offline in late February 2012 for refueling, then underwent additional repairs through the summer and early fall, and only returned to service in late October.

Because of the low operational cost of producing power at nuclear facilities, these generators are nearly always dispatched whenever they are available. Outages thus have a direct and significant impact on nuclear power generation as well as the mix of total generation in an electric system.

This article was originally published on the website of the U.S. Energy Information Administration.


Great Transition Part II

Posted: 07 Nov 2012 04:48 AM PST

 
As noted previously, Lester R. Brown and others over at the Earth Policy Institute (EPI) are some of the most astute climate and energy folks I'm aware of, and I'm always grateful to see a new post up from them on sister site sustainablog. Following “The Great Transition Part I,” here’s “The Great Transition Part II,” via sustainablog:



The Great Transition, Part II: Building a Wind-Centered Economy (via sustainablog)

Editor's note: If you missed part 1 of this series, it's available here. By Lester R. Brown In the race to transition from fossil fuels to renewable sources of energy and avoid runaway climate change, wind has opened a wide lead on both solar and geothermal energy. Solar panels, with a capacity…




World To Heat Up By 11°F On Current Path, Study Finds

Posted: 07 Nov 2012 04:31 AM PST

 
Reposted from the always insightful Dr Joe Romm of Climate Progress, enjoy (or not) this “pull me down” about a new global warming study out from PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC):

new report by PricewaterhouseCoopers finds humanity has its foot on the accelerator as we head toward a cliff. The only hope is very rapid deployment of carbon-free technology starting ASAP.

The title of the PWC report is sobering, "Too late for two degrees?" So is its main conclusion:

Our Low Carbon Economy Index evaluates the rate of decarbonisation of the global economy that is needed to limit warming to 2oC. This report shows that global carbon intensity decreased between 2000 and 2011 by around 0.8% a year. In 2011, carbon intensity decreased by 0.7%. The global economy now needs to cut carbon intensity by 5.1% every year from now to 2050. Keeping to the 2oC carbon budget will require sustained and unprecedented reductions over four decades.

Governments' ambitions to limit warming to 2oC appear highly unrealistic.

Here are two more conclusions that can kill — or maybe cause — a hangover:

We have passed a critical threshold – not once since 1950 has the world achieved that rate of decarbonisation in a single year, but the task now confronting us is to achieve it for 39 consecutive years….

Even to have a reasonable prospect of getting to a 4°C scenario would imply nearly quadrupling the current rate of decarbonisation.

Despite the many hand-wavers who assert the optimal climate strategy is more research and development, this is yet another independent analysis that makes crystal clear such a do-little approach would be suicidal (see "Study Confirms Optimal Climate Strategy: Deploy, Deploy, Deploy, R&D, Deploy, Deploy, Deploy").
 

 
It bears repeating that warming of 7°F or beyond is "incompatible with organized global community, is likely to be beyond 'adaptation', is devastating to the majority of ecosystems & has a high probability of not being stable (i.e.  4°C [7°F] would be an interim temperature on the way to a much higher equilibrium level," as climate expert Kevin Anderson explains here. Tragically, that appears to be the likely outcome of business as usual.

No wonder the report states bluntly:

The only way to avoid the pessimistic scenarios will be radical transformations in the ways the global economy currently functions: rapid uptake of renewable energy, sharp falls in fossil fuel use or massive deployment of CCS, removal of industrial emissions and halting deforestation. This suggests a need for much more ambition and urgency on climate policy, at both the national and international level.

Either way, business-as-usual is not an option.

Leo Johnson, PWC's Partner for Sustainability and Climate Change, rather dryly concludes his letter introducing the report:

Business leaders have been asking for clarity in political ambition on climate change. Now one thing is clear: businesses, governments and communities across the world need to plan for a warming world – not just 2ºC, but 4ºC and, at our current rates, 6ºC.

Of course, planning for 4°C [7°F] in 2100 — let alone 6°C [11°F] — is tantamount to planning for the end of civilization as we know it (see this review of more than 60 recent studies — "An Illustrated Guide to the Science of Global Warming Impacts: How We Know Inaction Is the Gravest Threat Humanity Faces").

Such a world would likely mean:

  • Permanent Dust Bowl conditions over the U.S. Southwest, parts of the Great Plains and many other regions around the globe that are heavily populated and/or heavily farmed.
  • Sea level rise of some 1 foot by 2050, then 4 to 6 feet (or more) by 2100, rising some 6 to 12 inches (or more) each decade thereafter.
  • Massive species loss on land and sea — perhaps 50% or more of all biodiversity.
  • Much more extreme weather.

These will all be happening simultaneously and getting worse decade after decade. A 2009 NOAA-led study found the worst impacts would be "largely irreversible for 1000 years."

In such a world there would be little prospect for feeding 9 billion people post-2050 given current dietary, economic, and agricultural practices. The word "adaptation" simply doesn't apply in any meaningful sense:

Of course, there is every reason to believe that the earth would just keep getting hotter and hotter:

Steve Easterbrook's post "A first glimpse at model results for the next IPCC assessment" shows that for the scenario where there is 9°F warming by 2100, you get another 7°F warming by 2300. Of course, folks that aren't motivated to avoid the civilization-destroying 9°F by 2100 won't be moved by whatever happens after that.

As I said, humanity has its foot on the accelerator as we head toward a cliff. This climactic climatic cliff makes the much-talked-about fiscal cliff seem like a bump in the road. Yet here we are on election day after a campaign with relentless silence on climate issues. The "Slowly Boiling Brainless Frogs" live — for now.

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